How Some Marine Companies Got Their Start
By Zuzana Prochazka
While marine companies might be diversifying into other fields, boating has benefited hugely from other industries that edged their way into the marine industry. Navigation systems like LORAN and GPS have their roots in military applications, which led innovation partly due to their specific needs and partly because at the early-adopter stage, no commercial market could afford the new technology. These technological advances led to the creation of recreational marine electronics companies like Magellan, Garmin, FLIR, and Navico (parent of Simrad, B&G, and Lowrance) that eventually brought these cutting-edge technologies to our boats.
Did You Know?
Think that PLB or multifunction display you have aboard your boat was all the company made? Think again. For some manufacturers, the recreational marine market is a drop in the ocean, comparatively. You might be using their products in airports, hospitals, or at home walking the dog, without ever realizing it.
Dometic makes cooling and heating products for boats, but also manufactures hotel minibar systems, electronic safes, and computerized, temperature controlled containers for the transport of blood.
Dr. Shrink, which wraps everything from boats to buildings, once wrapped the national Christmas tree after the 74-foot white spruce was cut down in Michigan and was readied for transport to Washington, D.C.
Hella Marine sells interior and exterior boat lighting but their core business is in automotives where they manufacture headlights. They also make lights for runways so pilots can land safely.
ZF Friedrichshafen sells a variety of marine-propulsion systems including transmissions, pod drives, joysticks, and thrusters, but they also sell gearboxes for commercial wind generators.
Sea-Fire, maker of marine fire-suppression systems, also mounts its extinguishers in professional stock cars while ACR, which makes personal locator beacons (PLBs) for mariners, is also heavily invested in military and aviation-survival products.
Jeppesen, a division of Boeing, got into marine software and charts with the purchase of Nobletec in 2000 but has the core of their business in aviation including airport planning and passenger baggage simulations to increase terminal-layout efficiencies.
Soft Lines, maker of docklines, also make pet leashes and horse leads.
Recognize Whale, a U.K. manufacturer of pumps, from your onboard freshwater system? They also make pumps for in-home applications such as showers and heating systems.
Many rigging companies like Eastport Spar & Rigging and Navtec are taking advantage of a popular architectural trend by providing wire railings for outdoor decks and interior staircases.
"Early days for FLIR were all about the Department of Defense and large and expensive equipment," says Lou Rota, vice president of maritime sales at FLIR, a worldwide thermal-imaging company. "As the size and costs decreased, we expanded the technology to law enforcement, aviation, search-and-rescue (SAR) organizations, the U.S. Coast Guard, and now the recreational boater." FLIR also builds cameras for nighttime vision enhancement for the automotive industry. "Getting the costs down [to meet that market] has always been a challenge," says Rota. "That and working across different cultures because doing business with government agencies is a completely different mindset." FLIR acquired Raymarine in 2010, a recreational marine electronics manufacturer that had been spun out of another defense supplier, Raytheon, a decade earlier.
Sixty Years of WD-40 ...
But it was never meant for your boat
If you had to make a guess at two products that nearly every boat with a cabin has in it, you'd probably nail it if you said duct tape and WD-40. Duct tape is pretty simple. You use it to tape stuff together, with varying amounts of success. But WD-40 is not quite so humble. For 60 years, people have been using it for everything from eliminating squeaking door hinges and freeing rusted bolts, to removing pythons from bus chassis and naked burglars from air-conditioning vents (yes, really). This ubiquitous product, which the manufacturer says was the 40th attempt to make a water displacement (WD — get it?) product for preventing corrosion in nuclear missiles, has many applications for boaters, but it shouldn't be used everywhere.
Where It Works:
- Lubricating sticky or squeaky hinges
- Cleaning winch gears (though it's not an appropriate lubricant)
- Protecting tools from rust
- Lubricating throttle linkages
- Freeing rusted bolts
- Cleaning & drying a shore power cord connector that was dunked
- Cleaning engine or mechanical surfaces that were splashed with seawater
- Removing duct-tape residue (one of its highest and best uses)
Where It Doesn't:
- Shift cables. If they're rusty, replace them
- Circuit boards. WD-40 is not an insulator. Use contact cleaner
- Porous plastics, which may be harmed by the solvent
- Zippers. They'll gum up. Beeswax works best (purchase from dive shop)
- On gears & metal that slides against metal. You don't need a water-dispersant here, only a lubricant. Use grease. And, yes, this includes lubricating winches
- Sail tracks & slides. It will work fine for a day or so, then gum up the works. Use a dry lubricant
- Anything you wouldn't use kerosene on
While the formulation for WD-40 is a secret, it's basically a solvent, mixed with light oil, a thinning agent, and a propellant. It's a great product when you need to get some oil into a place only a spray can get to, and its solvent properties make it handy for cleaning most metals and some plastics. And yes, it does displace water. It's a fair bet that most boaters have a can (or two or three) aboard, and it's handy as an occasional squeak killer and rusted-bolt remover. But WD-40 is not a long-term lubricant and tends to get sticky over time. The thinning agent makes it easy to spray the product, but caution should be used because it quickly evaporates and leaves a heavier residue that can become gooey and attract dirt. No need to abandon your faithful WD-40. Just make sure you're using it right.
Next on the horizon for FLIR is building surveillance cameras for industrial and home security. "As costs decrease, the technology suddenly makes sense to more and more markets," adds Rota.
Garmin, another marine-electronics manufacturer, may have leveraged GPS technology, but the company didn't evolve out of the military. Founded by pilot Gary Burrell and engineer Min Kao (hence the name Garmin), the company's focus in the 1980s was on general aviation. Today, Garmin sells navigation products to the auto industry and handheld topographical mapping devices to hiking, biking, camping, and hunting enthusiasts.
Writer Zuzana Prochazka is a USCG 100-Ton Master, and has cruised, chartered, and skippered flotillas in many parts of the world.
— Published: February/March 2014
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