|<- Previous Blog by Tom Neale | Next Blog by Tom Neale ->|
East Coast Alerts by Mel Neale April 29, 2010
By Tom Neale - Published April 29, 2010 - Viewed 2415 times
Canaveral Lock to Close:
Canaveral Lock will be closed for dewatering to install a new Manatee Protection System on both the east and west gates. The two closure periods are tentatively scheduled for August 3 - September 11, 2010 and September 22 - October 29, 2010. For further information, please contact US Army Corps of Engineers at (904)232-2103. (District 7 LNM 17)*
*Italicized text above and below indicates our comment or paraphrase. Plain text is copied from the Notices to Mariners or other sources given.
More DCS Radio Problems:
It has come to the Coast Guard’s attention that an automatic channel switching feature found on certain models of Digital Selective Calling (DCS) equipped VHF marine radios may create an unintended hazard by automatically switching from a working channel that might be in use at the time to Channel 16 when the VHF marine radio receives a DSC distress alert, distress alert acknowledgment or other DSC call where a VHF channel number has been designated. This could happen without a vessel/radio operator’s immediate knowledge and could initiate an unsafe condition by which the vessel/radio operators would believe they were communicating on a working channel such as Channel 13 when, in fact, they were actually on Channel 16. Since this unsafe condition can happen at any time, the Coast Guard strongly recommends disabling the automatic channel switching feature when maintaining a listening watch or communication on the designated bridge-to bridge radiotelephone or while monitoring the vessel traffic services (VTS) channel. Radios that lack the disabling feature should not be used for bridge-to bridge or VTS communications. (District 7 LNM 17)
USCG First District
Coastal Waters from Eastport, Maine to Shrewsbury, New Jersey
Hudson River Sediment Samples:
Alpine Ocean Seismic Survey will be taking 57 sediment samples in the Hudson River, from Yonkers to Castleton-On-Hudson, from April 18 until further notice. Work hours are 24 / 7. Each sample will be taken from the M/V Samantha Miller operated by Miller’s Launch. Each sample is expected to take about 60 minutes to complete. The vessel will “MOVE ON DEMAND” to not impede commercial navigation with notice via CH 13. The M/V Samantha Miller will issue a local safety broadcast when starting each sediment sampling operation. Chartlets of the 57 sediment sampling locations are posted at http://homeport.uscg.mil/newyork < Waterways Management > 01. Advisory Notices. No sampling will be authorized if visibility is less than one nautical mile. The Miller’s Launch point of contact is Captain Adam Clark at (347.633.3320) or the Miller’s Launch Office at (718.727.7303) or (M/V Samantha Miller) on VHF CH 13. Vessels with concerns about the sample location within the channel should immediately notify Sector NY via CH 16, Phone: 718.354.4353, or D01firstname.lastname@example.org. (District 1 LNM 16)
Hudson River PCB Clean-up:
Sevenson Environmental Services will be installing turbidity monitors consisting of 5'X4' floats with a mounted solar powered sensor in the center that is approximately 4' feet tall. Each has a white light on top of the sensor pole. They are painted hi-viz yellow and are secured by up and down stream fluke anchors in approximately 20' of water, 50-75 feet from shore. They are not in the channel. The project entails the Mechanical and Hydraulic removal of approximately 14,000CY of PCB laden sediment from 5 different areas around the parcel of land at 233 Alexander Street. The units will be positioned in the Hudson until the end of July, early August (3-4 months). (District 1 LNM 16)
USCG Fifth District
Coastal Waters from Shrewsbury River, New Jersey to Little River, South Carolina
Delaware River Dredging:
The dredge MCFARLAND will be conducting dredging operations in the Upper Delaware River at the northern end of the Mantua Creek Anchorage and Mifflin Range from 16 April until 30 April, 2010 and again from 14 May until 28 May, 2010. During these periods the northern end of the Mantua Anchorage will be closed to vessel anchorage.
The dredge CHARLESTON and dredge PULLEN will be conducting dredging operations in the Upper Delaware River at the New Castle Range and Deepwater Range from until 01 September, 2010. A submerged pipeline will run from the dredge site to the Kilcohook Disposal area on the New Jersey side of the river. The dredges will monitor VHF-FM channels 13 and 16. (District 5 LNM 17)
Changes of MHW Vertical Clearance on Baltimore G&E Aerial Transmission Line Cable Crossing:
A. Back River 39-18-18N, 076-30-13W (Essex Park/Chesaco Park) 42FT MHW.
B. Back River 39-18-19N, 076-30-14W (Essex Park/Chesaco Park) 8FT MHW.
C. Bear Creek 39-14-10N, 076-29-49W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 50FT MHW.
D. Bullneck Creek Middle 39-14-58N, 076-30-14W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 37FT MHW.
E. Bullneck Creek Middle 39-15-00N, 076-30-15W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 34FT MHW.
F. Bullneck Creek North 39-15-08N, 076-30-10W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 31FT MHW.
G. Bullneck Creek North 39-15-09N, 076-30-10W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 3FT MHW.
H. Bullneck Creek South 39-14-48N, 076-30-20W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 36FT MHW.
I. Bullneck Creek South 39-14-48N, 076-30-18W (Dundalk/Merritt Point) 40FT MHW.
J. Bush River 39-26-08N, 076-14-32W (Edgewood/Gun Point) 40FT MHW.
K. Bush River 39-26-07N, 076-14-32W (Edgewood/Gun Point) 25FT MHW.
L. Fosters Branch 39-24-06N, 076-20-47W (Joppatowne/Mariner Point) 50FT MHW.
M. Furnace Creek 39-10-56N, 076-36-29W (Glen Burnie/ Thomas Point) 53FT MHW.
N. Marley Creek 39-10-19N, 076-35-05W (Glen Burnie/ Thomas Point 48FT MHW.
O. Otter Point Creek 39-26-41N, 076-15-40W (Edgewood/Flying Point) 54FT MHW.
P. Peach Orchard Cove 39-14-34N, 076-30-26W (Dundalk/Cattail Point) 30FT MHW.
Q. Peach Orchard Cove 39-14-34N, 076-30-25W (Dundalk/Cattail Point) 37FT MHW.
R. Saltpeter Creek 39-21-10N, 076-23-26W (Middle River/Marshy Point) 44FT MHW.
S. Taylors Creek 39-24-10N, 076-21-10W (Joppatowne/Mariner Point) 44FT MHW.
The clearances are taken at the lowest point on the conductor sag, which may or may not coincide with the center of the waterway. (District 5 LNM 17)
Poplar Island Dredging:
The dredge RICHMOND will be conducting dredging operation in the vicinity of Poplar Island at the Southwest Borrow Area from 20 April until 06 July, 2010.
The dredge JENNI LEA will be conducting dredging operation in the Poplar Island Personnel Pier Channel from 03 May until 01 June, 2010. A floating and submerged pipeline will run westerly within the Poplar Harbor Harbor and parallel to the existing Personnel Pier Channel to the Upland Disposal Site and will be marked with buoys and flashing yellow lights in accordance with Coast Guard regulations. The dredges will monitor VHF-FM channels 13 and 16. (District 5 LNM 17)
GPS Unreliable Patuxent River Area:
THE GPS NAVIGATION SIGNALS MAY BE UNRELIABLE FROM 03 MAY 10 - 30 DEC 10, 0800Z - 2300Z DUE TO TESTING ON GPS FREQUENCIES USED IN SHIPBOARD NAVIGATION AND HANDHELD SYSTEMS. GPS SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON GPS, SUCH AS E-911, AIS AND DSC, MAY BE AFFECTED WITHIN A 17 NM RADIUS OF POSITION 38 15.7N 076 26.03W. DURING THIS PERIOD GPS USERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO REPORT ANY GPS SERVICE OUTAGES THAT THEY MAY EXPERIENCE DURING THIS TESTING VIA THE NAVIGATION INFORMATION SERVICE (NIS) BY CALLING (703)313-5900 OR BY USING THE NAVCEN'S WEB SITE'S GPS REPORT A PROBLEM WORKSHEET AT WWW.NAVCEN.USCG.GOV. (District 5 LNM 17)
Potomac River Nav Aids to be Discontinued:
The Coast Guard is soliciting comments on discontinuing the following aids to navigation:
Potomac River Middle Channel Lighted Whistle Buoy A (LLNR 16505)
Potomac River Middle Channel Lighted Whistle Buoy B (LLNR 16855)
Potomac River Middle Channel Lighted Whistle Buoy C (LLNR 17355)
Potomac River Middle Channel Lighted Whistle Buoy D (LLNR 17615)
In your comments, please address the impact this proposal may impose on your operation, the means you are using to navigate this waterway and include any electronic sensors used. Send comments to: Commander (dpw), Fifth Coast Guard District, 431 Crawford Street, Rm.100, Portsmouth, VA. 23704, Attn.: Albert Grimes or email to: Albert.L.Grimes@uscg.mil. (District 5 LNM 17)
Queens Creek Aids to be Restored:
This is one of the creeks that had shoaled to the point that the Coast Guard discontinued the aids to navigation. On or about 31 May, 2010 the following aids to navigation changes will occur in Queens Creek (Lower Chesapeake Bay, Western Shore) due the completion of dredging operations:
A. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon A to Daybeacon 1.
B. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon B to Light 2, Fl R 2.5s.
C. Discontinue Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon C.
D. Queens Creek Submerged Jetty Warning Daybeacon to Warning Daybeacon A.
E. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon D to Daybeacon 4.
F. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon E to Light 5, Fl G 4s.
G. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon F to Daybeacon 6.
H. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon G to Daybeacon 7.
I. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon H to Daybeacon 8.
J. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon J to Daybeacon 9.
K. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon K to Daybeacon 11.
L. Queens Creek Channel Warning Daybeacon L to Daybeacon 12.
(District 5 LNM 17)
Nav Aids to Be Discontinued in Sand Shoal Inlet:
On or about 26 July, 2010, the Coast Guard will be discontinuing the following Aids to Navigation:
A. Sand Shoal Inlet Lighted Whistle Buoy A
B. Sand Shoal Inlet Lighted Buoy 1
C. Sand Shoal Inlet Lighted Buoy 3
D. Sand Shoal Inlet Buoy 5
E. Sand Shoal Inlet Lighted Buoy 6
(District 5 LNM 17)
More Nav Aids Discontinued Because of Shoaling:
Due to continued shoaling, the Coast Guard can no longer safely maintain the aids to navigation in Goodwin Thorofare Channel (Mouth of York River, south shore, Chesapeake Bay). The Coast Guard is soliciting comments on discontinuing the following aids to navigation:
A. Goodwin Thorofare Channel Light 10
B. Goodwin Thorofare Channel Light 12
C. Goodwin Thorofare Channel Light 13
D. Goodwin Thorofare Channel Daybeacon 14
E. Goodwin Thorofare Channel Light 16
Send comments to not later than 17 May, 2010 to: Commander (dpw), 5th Coast Guard District, 431 Crawford Street, Rm. 100, Portsmouth, VA. 23704-5004, Attn.: Albert Grime Or email to: Albert.L.Grimes@uscg.mil. At least there is another entrance to this harbor. (District 5 LNM 17)
More Shoaling in Salt Ponds:
Shoaling has been reported in the Salt Ponds Channel (Hampton VA). Mariners are requested to transit this area with caution. (District 5 LNM 17)
Dredging in Hampton Roads:
The dredge LEXINGTON will be conducting dredging operation at the Norfolk Naval Station in the vicinity of Piers 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11,1 2 and 14 from 06 May until 07 August, 2010. The dredge will monitor VHF-FM channels 13 and 16. (District 5 LNM 17)
Berkley Bridge Repairs (Not on the AICW):
Mc Lean Contracting will be conducting repairs to the Berkley Bridge, mile 0.4, steel grating on the Eastern Branch each weekend commencing Friday from 8 p.m. to 4:30 a.m. to the following Monday morning on the following dates: 30 April to 03 May, 14-17 May, 4-7 June, 2010. A crane barge may be present in the navigable channel. The tug CENTENNIAL will be on scene and monitoring VHF-FM channel 13. Vessel traffic may transit the channel, however, it is requested that vessels contact the tug at least 2 hours in advance of time of passage under the bridge. If necessary, contact Mr. Rob Rodgers at 757-337-2423 for further information. (5th District LNM 15)
Shoaling in Hatteras Inlet:
Shoaling to a depth of 3.0 feet MLW has been reported in the vicinity of Hatteras Inlet Buoy 9A and Hatteras Inlet Buoy 10C. Mariners are requested to transit this area with caution. (District 5 LNM 17)
AICW Shoaling Reported:
Shoaling to a depth of less than 2.0 feet MLW has been reported in the vicinity of Cape Fear River to Little River Buoy 48. Mariners are requested to transit this area with caution. Note: Buoy 48 is in Lockwoods Folly Inlet Crossing. See the next alert below for information on this area. It’s always important to consider the state of the tide and the direction of the current in areas like this inlet crossing. Floating aids are anchored to the bottom and move around the water’s surface on the length of their mooring chain, so their positions may be affected by wind and current. This is also a notoriously shoal-prone area. (District 5 LNM 17)
Dredging AICW at Lockwoods Folly Inlet Crossing:
We have read reports that markers in some of the recently dredged areas have not been replaced, although we did not note any markers missing. When the dredges are still in place, they can be contacted on the VHF channels given in these alerts to find out where to pass through the area being dredged. There was a dredge active in Lockwoods Folly Inlet Crossing when we passed through on April 19, 2010 and it appears that there will be another dredging there soon.
The dredge WILKO will be conducting dredging operation within the limits of the AIWW at the Lockwoods Folly River Crossing from 01 May until 14 May, 2010. A floating and submerged pipeline will run along the southernmost shoreline of the AIWW from the Lockwoods Folly River Crossing to the Sheep Island Disposal Area. The pipeline will be marked with buoys and yellow flashing lights in accordance with Coast Guard Regulations. The dredge will monitor VHF-FM channels 13 and 16. (District 5 LNM 17)
USCG Seventh District
Coastal Waters from Little River, South Carolina to Panama City, Florida
Charleston Harbor Range Relocation:
MOUNT PLEASANT RANGE FRONT LIGHT (LLNR 2455) will be relocated to position 32-46-19.921N/079-52-52.101W and converted to a Day range displaying Flashing White 2.5s characteristic. The range is lighted throughout 24 hours and visible 1.5 degrees either side of the range line. The range board will be removed. MOUNT PLEASANT RANGE REAR LIGHT (LLNR 2460) will be relocated to position 32-46-34.558N/079-53-07.867W and converted to a Day range displaying Flashing White ISO 6 characteristic. The range is lighted throughout 24 hours and visible 1.5 degrees either side of the range line. The range board will be removed. The work is schedule for the week of May 3, 2010. (District 7 LNM 17)
Another Inlet Shoaled In:
The Coast Guard has removed the following (4) buoys due to shoaling:
Stono Inlet Buoy 2 (LLNR 3707)
Stono Inlet Buoy 2A (LLNR 3708)
Stono Inlet Buoy 3 (LLNR 3710)
Stono Inlet Buoy 4 (LLNR 3715)
Mariners are advised to use extreme caution, the inlet is subject to shoaling; local knowledge is advised while transiting this area. (District 5 LNM 17)
Dredging in Dawhoo River:
Marcol Dredging Company will begin dredging operations with the dredge “CAPT LEO” on or about Friday April 09, 2010. Dredging operations will take place on the Intracoastal Waterway in the vicinity of the Dahoo Bridge and boat landing area in Edisto, SC. Dredging will continue on a 24 hours per day, 7 days per week basis until approximately, Sunday June 6, 2010.
For on-scene communications Dredge CAPT LEO will be monitoring VHF 66A and 16. For more information please contact Marcol Dredging Company at (843) 747-2177. For Coast Guard related issues please contact Sector Charleston Waterways Management Division at (843) 720-3274 or Sector Charleston Command Center Line at (843) 720-7050. (MSIB (31-10) –Sector Charleston) Note: When we passed through this area on April 18, 2010, we had a personal escort in a small workboat lead us through the dredged channel. We don’t know if they are doing that all the time.
New Signs (and Warnings) for Martin County (Florida) Boaters:
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) will begin work early this month to remove, repair and install waterway markers in Boating Safety zones and Manatee zones in Martin County. The agency expects to complete the project by the end of June, 2010. The work also includes removing unpermitted or illegal signs, which cause operator confusion and make the zones unenforceable. In addition, the FWC will either remove or replace signs that display incorrect regulatory information, and relocate some markers in and around the state-adopted manatee protection and boating safety zones. There are several areas around the county where officers are only issuing warnings because the signs are missing or damaged. After completion of the project and an education period, officers will begin issuing citations for speed violations within regulatory zones. For more information, visit www.myfwc.com/boating/regulations/ to see state manatee-protection and boating-safety regulations and maps. (District 7 LNM 17)
Okeechobee Waterway Update:
On April 28, 2010 the lake level was reported at 15.11 feet.
Biscayne Bay Boring:
A geotechnical boring project in Biscayne Bay will begin in the next few weeks. The scope of the project is to obtain subsurface soils information and determine the most appropriate depth for tunnel installation. A total of eight (8) in-water borings will be dug, 1 boring hole per site three (3) in-water boring sites will be located in Norris Cut (between Virginia Key and Fisher Island) and five (5) boring sites will be located in Government Cut (between Fisher Island and Miami Beach). Each boring will be drilled to a depth of 150ft below the water surface from a 30ft x 20ft (approximate) jack-up barge. The barge will be at each boring site for a maximum of eight (8) days. All vessels stay clear a minimum of 50-75 yards of project area. VHF Channels monitored will be coordinated at the time the project begins. For further information please contact Mr. Oracio Riccobono at (786) 271-9173 or Mr. Reinaldo Villa at (305) 244-3516. (7th District LNM 15) .
Tampa GPS Unuseable Time:
The Tampa FL GPS site is scheduled for preventative maintenance and will be unusable from 0900-1100 EST on May 5, 2010. (District 7 LNM 17)
Hazards to Navigation:
The Coast Guard received a report of a 17ft Bow Rider partially submerged in position 24-57.24N 081-42.520W, located approximately (4NM) NW of Upper Matecumbe. All mariners are advised to stay alert and transit the area with caution.
The Coast Guard received a report of an overturned 19 ft vessel with a black painted hull in approximate position 24-37.1N 081-18.4W. All mariners are advised to stay alert and transit the area with caution.
The Coast Guard received a report of a partially submerged metal rod in shallow water. The metal rod is located approximately 80 ft west of the Dick Misener Bridge (Span A on Sunshine Skyway Bridge) and has reportedly been marked by a diver flag. Approximately 2 ft of the metal rod is visible during low tide. All mariners exercise caution while transiting the area.
The Coast Guard received a report of a capsized 15 ft white Carolina Skiff with a black outboard in approx position 28-10.78N 082-48.23W. All mariners are advised to stay alert and transit the area with caution. (District 7 LNM 17)
Florida Bridge Update: From the USCG 7th District LNM 17
Sisters Creek Bridge (AICW Mile 739.2): Due to bridge repairs the Heckscher Drive/Sisters Creek Bridge (SR 105), Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 739.2, will be closed to navigation from 9:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m., nightly, May 3 through May 6, 2010.
Atlantic Boulevard Bridge (AICW Mile 744.7): Due to fender system repair of the Atlantic Boulevard (SR 10) Bridge, Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 744.7, Duval County, Florida, the waterway will be restricted to 70 feet from April 12 to July 2010.
J. Turner Butler Bridge (AICW Mile 749.5): Fender system is being replaced between January 18, 2010 and June 30, 2010.
Bridge of Lions (AICW Mile 777.9): The removal of the temporary Bridge of Lions, Intracoastal Waterway mile 777.9, St. Augustine, Florida continues. The contractor has advised the Coast Guard that they are no longer in the channel; but will be working on removing the temporary structure for the next four months.
Crescent Beach Bridge (AICW Mile 788.6): Coastal Marine Construction, Incorporated is scheduled to repair and paint the Crescent Beach Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 788.6, Crescent Beach, St. Johns County, Florida. From February 10 through December 30, 2010, 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily, this bridge will open a single-leaf on signal and will provide a double-leaf opening with a three hour notice to the bridge tender. During the painting operations, the vertical clearance of the down leaf will be reduced by five feet.
NASA Railroad Bridge (AICW Mile 876.6): Due to emergency repairs to the NASA Railroad Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 876.6 at Jay Jay, Florida, this bridge will be allowed to remain closed to navigation from 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. daily on April 28, 29 and 30.
Max Brewer Bridge (AICW Mile 878.9): AKA Titusville Bridge, is being replaced with a high level bridge. Construction began May 11, 2009 and will continue through April, 2011.
Closures: May 1-May 31, 2010: 7 a.m.-6 p.m.--East Channel of draw closed.
Marine interests should contact Lane Construction at 321 607 5700 for additional information on construction schedules. USCG Jacksonville Waterways Management Division contact is BM1 Peter Nelson, 904 564 7666.
SR 401 Bridge—Canaveral Barge Canal: Coastal Marine Construction, Incorporated is scheduled to repair and paint the SR 401 Bridge across the Canaveral Barge Canal mile 5.5, Cape Canaveral, Florida. The work will start on March 5 and continue through September 30, 2010 and will be conducted from 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., seven days a week.
Parker Boulevard Bridge (AICW Mile 1013): Due to bridge repairs, the Parker (US 1) Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 1013.7, Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Florida is on scheduled half-hour single-leaf operations. A double-leaf opening is available with a four-hour notice to the bridge tender. This work is expected to be completed by October 31, 2010. Mariners should be aware that one of the four leafs may be in the open position. A request to open the other down leaf is still required.
Atlantic Boulevard Bridge (AICW Mile 1056): Due to bridge repairs, the Atlantic Boulevard Bridge across the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway mile 1056.0, Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida is on single-leaf operations. The vertical clearance on the down span will be reduced by two feet when the work platform is in place. A double-leaf opening is available with a two-hour notice to the bridge tender. This work is expected to be completed by May 30, 2010. Vessels not requiring an opening may pass at any time.
Miami River—5th Street Bridge (Not on the AICW): Kiewit Construction has advised the Coast Guard that construction continues on the 5th Street Bridge across Miami River, Miami, Florida. Additional updates will be provided in the near future.
Boot Key Bridge, Marathon: The Boot Key Bridge, Marathon, Florida is tentatively scheduled for demolition in June 2010. The work will require two months to complete.
Labelle Bridge, OWW: Starting Jun 1, 10 Single-leaf Ops
Johns Pass Bridge Update: Due to Johns Pass Bridge construction activities, the Johns Pass Channel will be closed and the bridge will be unable to open during specific times from March 7 to May 14, 2010. The Johns Pass Channel will be closed to all vessel traffic from 9:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. each day from Sunday through Friday. The bridge will be unable to open from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Monday through Wednesday, during this period the channel will be open to all vessels not requiring an opening. On Thursdays, the bridge will be unable to open from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m.; however, the channel will be open to all vessels not requiring an opening. The channel will be closed to all traffic from 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. on Thursdays and will be open from 11:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. with no restrictions. The channel and bridge will be open to unrestricted use from Friday 6:00 a.m. to Sunday 9:00 p.m. Law enforcement vessel will be on-scene to enforce all closures. Additional information will be disseminated by Broadcast Notice to Mariners.
This information is not to be used for navigation. Consult the latest charts and Local Notices to Mariners and use prudent seamanship. Conditions may change. Any person or entity that uses this information in any way, as a condition of that use, agrees to waive and does waive and also hold authors harmless from any and all claims which may arise from or be related to this use.
There are 0 blog comments.
Sorry there are no blog comments.
|Post Blog Comments|
Sorry but you must be logged in to submit comments.