Canadian Coast Guard Requirements

By Don Casey

Revised by BoatUS editors in April 2012

Canadian Coast Guard

Less than 5.5 metres in length (18.0')

  • 1 approved PFD (or throwable life-saving device) for each person
  • Sound signalling device
  • 1 hand-bailer or manual pump
  • 1 Class B-I fire extinguisher if vessel has inboard motor or fixed fuel tank OR heating or cooking appliance that burns liquid or gas fuel.
  • Lights must comply with Collision Regulations if permanently fitted
  • 2 oars with rowlocks or 2 paddles

5.5 - 8 metres in length (18.0'-26.2')

  • 1 approved PFD for each person on board
  • Sound signalling device
  • 1 hand-bailer or manual pump
  • 1 Class B-I fire extinguisher if vessel is powered or has heating or cooking appliance that burns liquid or gas fuel.
  • Lights must comply with Collision Regulations if permanently fitted
  • 1 approved lifesaving cushion or buoyant heaving line or life buoy 508, 610 or 762 mm diameter
  • 6 approved distress flares: three A, B, or C type flares AND three A, B, C or D type flares [ Except if vessel is engaged in racing and has no beds/bunks or operating in a river, canal or lake in which the boat can never be more than 1 nautical mile from shore, or boat is propelled by oars or paddles].
  • 2 oars with rowlocks or 2 paddles or 1 anchor with 15 m (50') rode

8 - 12 metres in length (26.2'-39.4')

  • 1 approved PFD for each person on board
  • 1 anchor with 15 m (50') rode
  • 1 hand-bailer AND 1 manual bilge pump
  • 1 Class B-II fire extinguisher if vessel is powered or has heating or cooking appliance that burns liquid or gas fuel.
  • Lights must comply with Collision Regulations if permanently fitted
  • Sound signalling device must comply with Collision Regulations.
  • 1 life buoy 610 or 762 mm diameter
  • 15 metres (50') of buoyant line
  • 12 approved distress flares: six A, B, or C type flares and six A, B, C or D type flares. These are valid only for 3 1/2 years from date of manufacture. There no exceptions for racing.

12 - 20 metres in length (39.4'-65.6')

  • 1 approved PFD for each person on board
  • 1 anchor with 15 m (50') rode
  • Efficient bilge pumping system
  • 2 Class B-II fire extinguishers, one by entrance to sleeping cabin and one next to the engine space entrance. 1 Class B-II fire extinguisher if vessel is powered or has heating or cooking appliance that burns liquid or gas fuel.
  • 2 buckets to extinguish fire
  • 1 fire axe
  • Lights must comply with Collision Regulations if permanently fitted
  • Sound signalling device must comply with Collision Regulations
  • 1 life buoy 762 mm diameter or 2 life buoys 610 mm diameter.
  • 15 metres (50') of buoyant line
  • 12 approved destress flares: six A, B, or C type flares AND six A, B, C or Dtype flares

All these regulations are for minimum equipment required on a vessel.

For more information: Office of Boating Safety Canadian Coast Guard (613) 998-1433 or 1-800-267-6687

 

Don Casey has been one of the most consulted experts on boat care and upgrades for 30 years, and a panelist on our "Ask The Experts" website for a decade. He and his wife cruise aboard their 30-footer part of the year in the eastern Caribbean. His books include Don Casey’s Complete Illustrated Sailboat Maintenance Manual, and the recently updated This Old Boat, the bible for do-it-yourself boaters.

 

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